Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease is very common, possibly affecting as many as 1 in 150 people.  It is caused by an immune intolerance to a dietary component called gluten, found in wheat and other food types, and results in inflammation and damage to the gut.

Common symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhoea

Coeliac disease may also cause no symptoms but might be suspected because of subtle abnormalities on blood tests such as vitamin deficiencies or anaemia.

Tests to confirm coeliac disease include blood tests and a gastroscopy test to obtain a biopsy of the small bowel.  Treatment is dietary avoidance of gluten, and usually results in complete resolution of symptoms.

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